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NASA Lunar Outpost and Transportation Studies 1962-2006 - PDF format================================================================================Advanced lunar transportation system studies Progress reportNASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-104185; LMSC-A013262 , 19620801; Aug 1, 1962Accession ID: 79N76150Document ID: 19790076642http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19790076642_1979076642.pdf================================================================================An example of a reusable earth-lunar transportation systemKoelle, H. H.; Rutland, C. H.NASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-TM-X-51436 , 19630601; Jun 1, 1963Costs of round-trip reusable earth-lunar transportation systemsAccession ID: 64N15869Document ID: 19640005955http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19640005955_1964005955.pdf================================================================================Apollo logistics support systems molab studies. lunar shelter/roverconceptual designand evaluationSan Juan, E. C.NASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-61049 , 19641101; Nov 1, 1964Lunar shelter/rover conceptual design for lunar mobile laboratory/Molab/ Apolloproject Logistics Support SystemAccession ID: 65N24015Document ID: 19650014414http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19650014414_1965014414.pdf================================================================================DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF UNLOADING AND TIEDOWN SYSTEMS. APOLLO LOGISTICSSUPPORT SYSTEMS MOLAB STUDIES TECHNICAL REPORT, 1 OCT. - 7 DEC. 1964LIGOCKI, J. E.; YOUNGBLOOD, G. J.NASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-61048 , 19641201; DEC 1, 1964REMOTE CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR UNLOADING LUNAR MOBILE LABORATORY FROM LUNAREXCURSIONMODULE TRUCK - LOGISTICSAccession ID: 66N15341Document ID: 19660006052http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19660006052_1966006052.pdf================================================================================Lunar Stay Time Extension Module /STEM/ FINAL report, 21 Aug. 1964 - 20Aug. 1965NASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-66061; GER-12246 , 19650821; Aug 21, 1965Lunar stay time extension module designAccession ID: 67N33706Document ID: 19670024377http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19670024377_1967024377.pdf================================================================================Lunar surface mobility systems comparison and evolution /Mobev/, volumeII, book 1 -Molem, Mocom, Mocan. Part 1 - Technical report Final reportNASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-82753; BSR-1428, V. II, BK. 1, PT. 1 , 19661101; Nov 1, 1966Lunar mobility systems derived from Lunar Excursion Module, ApolloCommand Module,and Multimission Module - configuration, system design, human factors,mobility, andperformanceAccession ID: 67N19380Document ID: 19670010051http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19670010051_1967010051.pdf================================================================================Feasibility study for lunar worm planetary roving vehicle concept FinaltechnicalreportDobson, F. A.; Fulton, D. G.NASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-66098; RSC-6720 , 19660727; Jul 27, 1966Mobility and structural analyses of bellows concept for lunar rovingvehicleAccession ID: 66N31852Document ID: 19660022562http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19660022562_1966022562.pdf================================================================================Lunar surface mobility systems comparison and evolution /Mobev/, volumeII. Book 3 -Systems engineering /lunar roving vehicles/ Final reportNASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-82750; BSR-1428, VOL. II, BK. 3 , 19661101; Nov 1, 1966Lunar Roving Vehicles systems and sybsystems engineering designs anDesign PointVehicle selection - lunar surface mobility systems comparison andevolution /Mobev/Accession ID: 67N19383Document ID: 19670010054http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19670010054_1967010054.pdf================================================================================Lunar surface mobility systems comparison and evolution /Mobev/, volumeII. Book 7 -Evolution methodology user's manual Final reportNASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-82746; BSR-1428, VOL. II, BK. 7 , 19661101; Nov 1, 1966Lunar surface mobility systems comparison and evolution - evolutionmethodologycomputer program users manualAccession ID: 67N19387Document ID: 19670010058http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19670010058_1967010058.pdf================================================================================Lunar surface mobility systems comparison and evolution study /MOBEV/Final reportNASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-92641; BSR-1464 , 19661101; Nov 1, 1966Lunar surface mobility systems comparison and evolution study foradvanced roving andflying vehiclesAccession ID: 68N15501Document ID: 19680006032http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19680006032_1968006032.pdf================================================================================Initial concept of lunar exploration systems for apollo. volume v -summary digestNASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-39 , 19640301; Mar 1, 1964Lunar exploration base for apollo projectAccession ID: 64N15969Document ID: 19640006055http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19640006055_1964006055.pdf================================================================================Analysis of lunar propellant productionNASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-188266; NAS 1.26:188266; EEI-85-103B , 19851209; Dec 9, 1985A methodology for the analysis of lunar propellant production schemesis developed.This methodology was first applied to the case of approximately 1,400metric tons(MT) per year of lunar produced oxygen delivered to low Earth orbit(LEO) by avariety of propulsion schemes, some of which include the use of lunarhydrogen. Givenmany assumptions concerning cost, it appears difficult to deliveroxygen to LEO forless than the projected delivery cost of a large Shuttle derivedvehicle (SDV).Accession ID: 94N71807Document ID: 19940005052http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19940005052_1994005052.pdf================================================================================A lunar transportation systemNASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-182561; NAS 1.26:182561 , 19860601; Jun 1, 1986Due to large amounts of oxygen required for space travel, a method ofmining,transporting, and storing this oxygen in space would facilitate furtherspaceexploration. The following project deals specifically with the methodsfortransporting liquid oxygen from the lunar surface to the Lunar Orbit(LO) spacestation, and then to the Lower Earth Orbit (LEO) space station. Twovehicles weredesigned for operation between the LEO and LO space stations.Accession ID: 88N19379Document ID: 19880009995http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19880009995_1988009995.pdf================================================================================A bootstrap lunar base: Preliminary design review 2NASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-184753; NAS 1.26:184753 , 19871125; Nov 25, 1987A bootstrap lunar base is the gateway to manned solar systemexploration and requiresnew ideas and new designs on the cutting edge of technology. Apreliminary design fora Bootstrap Lunar Base, the second provided by this contractor, ispresented. Anoverview of the work completed is discussed as well as the technical,management, andcost strategies to complete the program requirements.Accession ID: 89N19807Document ID: 19890010436http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19890010436_1989010436.pdf================================================================================Lunar base surface mission operations. Lunar Base Systems Study (LBSS)task 4.1NASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-172050; NAS 1.26:172050; EEI-87-172; EEI-87-57; LBS-88-191 ,19871201; Dec 1, 1987The purpose was to perform an analysis of the surface operationsassociated with ahuman-tended lunar base. Specifically, the study defined surfaceelements anddeveloped mission manifests for a selected base scenario, determinedthe nature ofsurface operations associated with this scenario, generated apreliminary crewextravehicular and intravehicular activity (EVA/IVA) time resourceschedule forconducting the missions, and proposed concepts for utilizing remotelyoperatedequipment to perform repetitious or hazardous surface tasks.Accession ID: 88N25415 Document ID: 19880016031http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19880016031_1988016031.pdf================================================================================Radiation protective structure alternatives for habitats of a lunarbase research outpostBell, Fred J.; Foo, Lai T.; Mcgrew, William P.NASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-184720; NAS 1.26:184720 , 19880101; JAN 1, 1988The solar and galactic cosmic radiation levels on the Moon pose ahazard to extendedmanned lunar missions. Lunar soil represents an available, economicalmaterial to beused for radiation shielding. Several alternatives have been suggestedto use lunarsoil to protect the inhabitants of a lunar base research outpost fromradiation. TheUniversities Space Research Association has requested that acomparative analysis ofthe alternatives be performed, with the purpose of developing the mostadvantageousdesign.Accession ID: 89N16274Document ID: 19890006903http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19890006903_1989006903.pdf================================================================================A lunar construction shack vehicle: Final designNASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-184754; NAS 1.26:184754 , 19880101; JAN 1, 1988A lunar construction shack vehicle is a critical component in most ofthe plansproposed for the construction of a permanent base on the moon. TheSelene EngineeringCompany (SEC) has developed a concept for this vehicle which is bothinnovative andpractical. The design makes use of the most advanced technologyavailable to meet thegoals for a safe, versatile and durable habitat that will serve as astarting pointfor the initial phase of the construction of a permanent lunar base.Accession ID: 89N16075Document ID: 19890006704http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19890006704_1989006704.pdf================================================================================Extravehicular activity at geosynchronous earth orbitShields, Nicholas, Jr.; Schulze, Arthur E.; Carr, Gerald P.; Pogue,WilliamNASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-172112; NAS 1.26:172112 , 19880122; Jan 22, 1988The basic contract to define the system requirements to support theAdvancedExtravehicular Activity (EVA) has three phases: EVA in geosynchronousEarth orbit;EVA in lunar base operations; and EVA in manned Mars surfaceexploration.Accession ID: 89N15827Document ID: 19890006456http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19890010810_1989010810.pdf================================================================================Future Astronomical Observatories on the MoonBurns, Jack O.; Mendell, Wendell W.NASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CP-2489; S-569; NAS 1.55:2489 , 19880301; Mar 1, 1988Papers at a workshop which consider the topic astronomical observationsfrom a lunarbase are presented. In part 1, the rationale for performing astronomyon the Moon isestablished and economic factors are considered. Part 2 includesconcepts forindividual lunar based telescopes at the shortest X-ray and gamma raywavelengths,for high energy cosmic rays, and at optical and infrared wavelengths.Accession ID: 89N15810Document ID: 19890006439http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19890006439_1989006439.pdf================================================================================Lunar base launch and landing facility conceptual design, 2nd editionNASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-172049; NAS 1.26:172049; EEI-88-178 , 19880325; Mar 25, 1988This report documents the Lunar Base Launch and Landing FacilityConceptual Designstudy. The purpose of this study was to examine the requirements forlaunch andlanding facilities for early lunar bases and to prepare conceptualdesigns for someof these facilities. The emphasis of this study is on the facilitiesneeded from thefirst manned landing until permanent occupancy.Accession ID: 88N27135 Document ID: 19880017751http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19880017751_1988017751.pdf================================================================================Lunar lander conceptual design: Lunar base systems study task 2.2NASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-172051; NAS 1.26:172051; EEI-88-181 , 19880330; Mar 30, 1988This study is a first look at the problem of building a lunar lander tosupport asmall lunar surface base. One lander, which can land 25 metric tons,one way, or takea 6 metric ton crew capsule up and down is desired. A series of tradestudies areused to narrow the choices and provide some general guidelines. Given aroughbaseline, the systems are then reviewed. A conceptual design is thenproduced.Accession ID: 88N29854Document ID: 19880020470http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19880020470_1988020470.pdf================================================================================Space transportation nodes assumptions and requirements: Lunar basesystems studytask 2.1Kahn, Taher Ali; Simonds, Charles H.; Stump, William R.NASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-172052; NAS 1.26:172052; EEI-87-174 , 19880418; Apr 18, 1988The Space Transportation Nodes Assumptions and Requirements task wasperformed aspart of the Advanced Space Transportation Support Contract, a NASAJohnson SpaceCenter (JSC) study intended to provide planning for a Lunar Base nearthe year 2000.The original task statement has been revised to satisfy the followingqueries: (1)What vehicles are to be processed at the transportation node; (2) Whatis the flow ofactivities involved in a vehicle passing through the node; and (3) Whatnode supportresources are necessary to support a lunar scenario traffic modelcomposed of a mixof vehicles in an active flight schedule.Accession ID: 88N28944Document ID: 19880019560http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19880019560_1988019560.pdf================================================================================Advanced extravehicular activity systems requirements definition study.Phase 2:Extravehicular activity at a lunar baseNeal, Valerie; Shields, Nicholas, Jr.; Carr, Gerald P.; Pogue, William;Schmitt,Harrison H.; Schulze, Arthur E.NASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-172117; NAS 1.26:172117 , 19880901; Sep 1, 1988The focus is on Extravehicular Activity (EVA) systems requirementsdefinition for anadvanced space mission: remote-from-main base EVA on the Moon. Thelunar environment,biomedical considerations, appropriate hardware design criteria,hardware andinterface requirements, and key technical issues for advanced lunar EVAwereexamined. Six remote EVA scenarios (three nominal operations and threecontingencysituations) were developed in considerable detail.Accession ID: 89N19809Document ID: 19890010438http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19890010438_1989010438.pdf================================================================================Advanced space transportation system support contractNASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-172104; NAS 1.26:172104; EEI-88-210 , 19881030; Oct 30, 1988The general focus is on a phase 2 lunar base, or a lunar base duringthe period afterthe first return of a crew to the Moon, but before permanent occupancy.The softwareeffort produced a series of trajectory programs covering low earthorbit (LEO) tovarious node locations, the node locations to the lunar surface, andthen back toLEO. The surface operations study took a lunar scenario in the civilneeds data base(CNDB) and attempted to estimate the amount of space-suit work orextravehicularactivity (EVA) required to set up the base.Accession ID: 89N15150Document ID: 19890005779http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19890005779_1989005779.pdf================================================================================Partial gravity habitat study: With application to lunar base designCapps, Stephen; Lorandos, Jason; Akhidime, Eval; Bunch, Michael; Lund,Denise; Moore,Nathan; Murakawa, Kio; Bell, Larry; Trotti, Guillermo; Neubek, DebNASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-186048; NAS 1.26:186048 , 19890101; JAN 1, 1989Comprehensive design requirements associated with designing habitatsfor humans in apartial gravity environment were investigated and then applied to alunar basedesign. Other potential sites for application include planetarysurfaces such asMars, variable gravity research facilities, or a rotating spacecraft.Designrequirements for partial gravity environments include: (1) locomotionchanges in lessthan normal Earth gravity; (2) facility design issues, such as interiorconfiguration, module diameter and geometry; and (3) volumetricrequirements based onthe previous as well as psychological issues involved in prolongedisolation.Accession ID: 90N14267Document ID: 19900004951http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19900004951_1990004951.pdf================================================================================SP-100 power system conceptual design for lunar base applicationsMason, Lee S.; Bloomfield, Harvey S.; Hainley, Donald C.NASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-TM-102090; E-5083; NAS 1.15:102090; Symposium on Space NuclearPower Systems,Albuquerque, NM, United States, 8-12 Jan. 1989 , 19890101; JAN 1, 1989A conceptual design is presented for a nuclear power system utilizingan SP-100reactor and multiple Stirling cycle engines for operation on the lunarsurface. Basedon the results of this study, it was concluded that this power plantcould be aviable option for an evolutionary lunar base. The design conceptconsists of a 2500kWt (kilowatt thermal) SP-100 reactor coupled to eight free-pistonStirling engines.Accession ID: 90N15030Document ID: 19900005714http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19900005714_1990005714.pdf================================================================================Conceptual design and analysis of roads and road construction machineryfor initiallunar base operationsSines, Jeffrey L.; Banks, Joel; Efatpenah, KeyanoushNASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-186673; NAS 1.26:186673 , 19900101; JAN 1, 1990Recent developments have made it possible for scientists and engineersto considerreturning to the Moon to build a manned lunar base. The base can beused to conductscientific research, develop new space technology, and utilize thenatural resourcesof the Moon. Areas of the base will be separated, connected by a systemof roads thatreduce the power requirements of vehicles traveling on them. Feasibleroad types forthe lunar surface were analyzed and a road construction system wasdesigned forinitial lunar base operations.Accession ID: 90N24459Document ID: 19900015143http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19900015143_1990015143.pdf================================================================================Genesis lunar outpost criteria and designHansmann, Timothy; Moore, Gary T.; Baschiera, Dino J.; Fieber, JoePaul; Moths, JanisHuebnerNASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-186831; NAS 1.26:186831; R90-1 , 19900611; Jun 11, 1990This design study--the third in the space architecture series--focusedon therequirements of an early stage lunar outpost. The driving assumptionsof the scenariowas that the base would serve as a research facility and technologytestbed forfuture Mars missions, a habitat supporting 12 persons for durations ofup to 20months, and would sustain the following five experimental facilities:Lunar surfacemining and production analysis facility, construction technology andmaterialstestbed, closed environmental life support system (CELSS) testfacility, lunarfarside observatory, and human factors and environment-behaviorresearch facility.Accession ID: 90N26499Document ID: 19900017183http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19900017183_1990017183.pdf================================================================================Concepts for manned lunar habitatsHypes, W. D.; Butterfield, A. J.; King, C. B.; Qualls, G. D.; Davis, W.T.; Gould, M.J.; Nealy, J. E.; Simonsen, L. C.NASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-TM-104114; NAS 1.15:104114 , 19910801; Aug 1, 1991The design philosophy that will guide the design of early lunarhabitats will bebased on a compromise between the desired capabilities of the base andthe economicsof its development and implantation. Preferred design will be simple,make use ofexisting technologies, require the least amount of lunar surfacepreparation, andminimize crew activity. Three concepts for an initial habitatsupporting a crew offour for 28 to 30 days are proposed. Two of these are based on usingSpace StationFreedom structural elements modified for use in a lunar-gravityenvironmentAccession ID: 91N30068Document ID: 19910020754http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19910020754_1991020754.pdf================================================================================Design of a pressurized lunar roverBhardwaj, Manoj; Bulsara, Vatsal; Kokan, David; Shariff, Shaun;Svarverud, Eric;Wirz, RichardNASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CR-192033; NAS 1.26:192033 , 19920424; Apr 24, 1992A pressurized lunar rover is necessary for future long-term habitationof the moon.The rover must be able to safely perform many tasks, ranging fromtransportation andreconnaissance to exploration and rescue missions. Numerous designswere consideredin an effort to maintain a low overall mass and good mobilityAccession ID: 93N18016Document ID: 19930008827http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19930008827_1993008827.pdf================================================================================The Second Conference on Lunar Bases and Space Activities of the 21stCentury, volume1Mendell, Wendell W.; Alred, John W.; Bell, Larry S.; Cintala, Mark J.;Crabb, ThomasM.; Durrett, Robert H.; Finney, Ben R.; Franklin, H. Andrew; French,James R.;Greenberg, Joel S.NASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CP-3166-VOL-1; S-684-VOL-1; NAS 1.55:3166-VOL-1 , 19920901; Sep 1,1992These papers comprise a peer-review selection of presentations byauthors from NASA,LPI industry, and academia at the Second Conference (April 1988) onLunar Bases andSpace Activities of the 21st Century, sponsored by the NASA Office ofExploration andthe Lunar Planetary Institute.Accession ID: 93N17414Document ID: 19930008225http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19930008225_1993008225.pdf================================================================================The Second Conference on Lunar Bases and Space Activities of the 21stCentury, volume2Mendell, Wendell W.; Alred, John W.; Bell, Larry S.; Cintala, Mark J.;Crabb, ThomasM.; Durrett, Robert H.; Finney, Ben R.; Franklin, H. Andrew; French,James R.;Greenberg, Joel S.NASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-CP-3166-VOL-2; S-684-VOL-2; NAS 1.55:3166-VOL-2 , 19920901; Sep 1,1992These 92 papers comprise a peer-reviewed selection of presentations byauthors fromNASA, the Lunar and Planetary Institute (LPI), industry, and academiaat the SecondConference on Lunar Bases and Space Activities of the 21st Century.These papers gointo more technical depth than did those published from the firstNASA-sponsoredsymposium on the topic, held in 1984.Accession ID: 93N13972Document ID: 19930004784http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19930004784_1993004784.pdf================================================================================Fast track NTR systems assessment for NASA's first lunar outpostscenarioBorowski, Stanley K.; Alexander, Stephen W.NASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-TM-106748; E-9164; NAS 1.15:106748; AIAA PAPER 92-3812; JointPropulsion andExhibit, Nashville, TN, United States, 6-8 Jul. 1994 , 19941001; Oct 1,1994integrated systems and mission study results are presented whichquantify therationale and benefits for developing and using nuclear thermal rocket(NTR)technology for returning humans to the moon in the early 2000's. Atpresent, theExploration Program Office (ExPO) is considering chemical propulsionfor its 'FirstLunar Outpost' (FLO) mission, and NTR propulsion for the more demandingMars missionsto follow. The use of an NTR-based lunar transfer stage, capable ofevolving to Marsmission applications, could result in an accelerated schedule, reducedcost approachto moon/Mars exploration.Accession ID: 95N13668Document ID: 19950007255http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19950007255_1995107255.pdf================================================================================Fast Track lunar NTR systems assessment for NASA's first lunar outpostand itsevolvability to MarsBorowski, Stanley K.; Alexander, Stephen W.NASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI)NASA-TM-107092; NAS 1.15:107092; E-9970; Symposium on Space NuclearPower andPropulsion, Albuquerque, NM, United States, 10-14 Jan. 1993 , 19951001;Oct 1, 1995Integrated systems and missions studies are presented for anevolutionarylunar-to-Mars space transportation system (STS) based on nuclearthermal rocket (NTR)technology. A 'standardized' set of engine and stage components areidentified andused in a 'building block' fashion to configure a variety of pilotedand cargo, lunarand Mars vehicles.Accession ID: 96N12575Document ID: 19960002567http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19960002567_1996102567.pdf================================================================================Lunar fission surface power system design and implementation conceptElliott, John O.; Reh, Kim; MacPherson, DuncanNASA Jet Propulsion LaboratoryPreprint , 2006-03-31T23:05:38Z; 2006-03-31T23:05:38Z; 2006-02-12The request of NASA's Exploration Systems Mission Directorate (ESMD) inMay of 2005,a team was assembled within the Prometheus Project to investigate lunarsurfacenuclear power architectures and provide design and implementationconcept inputs toNASA's Exploration Systems Architecture 60-day Study (ESAS) team.System engineeringtasks were undertaken to investigate the design and implementation of aFissionSurface Power System (FSPS) that could be launched as early as 2019 aspart of apossible initial Lunar Base architecture.http://trs-new.jpl.nasa.gov/dspace/bitstream/2014/38984/1/05-2577.pdf================================================================================