Cassini Significant Events for 04/26/06 - 05/03/06

Cassini Significant Events
for 04/26/06 - 05/03/06

The most recent spacecraft telemetry was acquired Wednesday, May 3,
from the
Goldstone tracking stations. The Cassini spacecraft is in an excellent
of health and is operating normally. Information on the present
position and
speed of the Cassini spacecraft may be found on the “Present Position”
page located at .

Wednesday, April 26 (DOY 116):

Unraveling the Twists and Turns of Saturn’s Rings was the topic at the
Cassini-Huygens Analysis and Results of the Mission (CHARM)
on April 24. The presentation included a rings tutorial and recent
Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph (UVIS) results.

Orbit trim maneuver (OTM) # 58 was performed today. This is the
maneuver setting up for the Titan 13 encounter on April 30. The
control subsystem burn began at 8:14 AM PDT. A “quick look”
after the maneuver showed the burn duration was 53.1 seconds, giving a
delta-V of approximately 77.4 mm/s. Telecommunications reported a
1dB drop in signal strength during the roll turn. They are currently
investigating. All other subsystems reported nominal performance after

Science activities today centered on the RADAR obtaining distant Titan
radiometer science and calibration data over a range of phase angles.
observation is designed to reveal any phase variations that may be
in Titan radiometry and scatterometry data.

The Science Planning leads for S22 briefed Program Management on the
contents of the S22 sequence, and any issues that remain open that will
transferred into the next phase of sequence development. A Project
is the final step in the Science Operations Plan update process.

As was reported on Monday, April 24, the Program Scientist was to make
final decision on what data to protect from being overwritten in the
of a problem with the DSN after the Titan 13 (T13) flyby. He has asked
Science Planning, the S20 sequence leads, and members of the Spacecraft
Operations Office if it might be possible to preserve at least one
block of
the unique F ring data in the post T13 time period if such an anomaly
to occur. It was decided that the easiest strategy to implement was to
all of the Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (VIMS) data on the
after the T13 flyby, and to zero out all of the other instruments if a
second playback is required. Since the total VIMS data volume is
small, the VIMS data, along with the Synthetic Aperture RADAR
block, could all be played back over the next downlink. This strategy
preserve the key science data for both Titan and VIMS rings.

In the event of a problem, a file will be uplinked that will 1) create
a new
data policing table so no science is recorded for remainder of the
on DOY 121, 2) enable this table immediately once the file reaches the
spacecraft, and 3) modify Table 19 for the following observation period
DOY 121/21:14 - 122/19:43 SCET. Only VIMS packets will be recorded.

A second file to be uplinked sometime around the start of track on DOY
122/21:10 UTC will move the pointers to recover the lost RADAR/UVIS
The strategy behind this is not straightforward and does come with a
Anytime the pointers are moved there is a chance something can go wrong
data unintentionally lost. The CDS team met to discuss this and reduce
risk. Once the pointers are moved, all science data from then on will
played back as normal.

Since all of this is a contingency plan, it would be nice if there were
problems after all, and the files not uplinked. Only time will tell,
the files will be approved and ready to go just in case.

Thursday, April 27 (DOY 117):

It was reported on Tuesday, April 18, that the S21 leads were planning
schedule a test in the Integrated Test Laboratory (ITL) in April to
that de-registration of S20 part 2, and the registration of the S21
background sequence occur as expected. It is desired to use the latest
version of the S21 sequence for this “loading test”. Based on the
development schedule, the preliminary #2 merge will be available on May
If development continues on its present course, this will be the final
in the sequence development process as a final phase will be
ITL staff are currently reviewing the test schedule to determine if the
of May 22 is feasible for the test.

Friday, April 28 (DOY 118):

An ACS Reaction Wheel Assembly (RWA) exercise of the backup wheel was
performed today. In this activity, RWA-3 is commanded to +100 rpm,
rpm, 0 rpm, then turned off.

The Cosmic Dust Analyzer (CDA) instrument team has delivered their new
flight software to the Project Software library. The Software
and Certification Review (SRCR) is scheduled for Wednesday, May 3.

Sunday, April 30, (DOY 120):

At 2006-120T20:58 spacecraft event time, Cassini flew past Titan at an
altitude of 1855 km for the 14th targeted Titan encounter of the tour.
During this event, the Imaging Science Subsystem observed particle
properties, vertical distributions, wind and cloud motions, and
lightning and aurora activity, the Composite Infrared Spectrometer
obtained information on trace constituents in Titan’s stratosphere by
integrating on the limb at two positions, the Ultraviolet Imaging
Spectrograph (UVIS) observed the star Beta Ori as it was occulted by
atmosphere, and the Visible and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (VIMS)
obtained new high-resolution images that will help understand Titan’s
geology and the fate of CH4.

The entire suite of Magnetospheric and Plasma Science (MAPS)
performed observations in the immediate vicinity of Titan studying
magnetospheric and ionospheric interactions.

Finally, RADAR collected altimetry, radiometry, and scatterometry data,
performed low and high resolution Synthetic Aperture RADAR (SAR)
imaging of
Titan’s surface. The SAR swath cuts right across Xanadu, as well as
areas where there exists good ISS and VIMS coverage, enabling useful
comparative studies between disciplines.

Monday, May 1 (DOY 121):

Remember those contingency plans discussed earlier in this report?

Monday was a busy day. Cassini had a DSN pass over Goldstone on
nothing on Sunday as planned, and our next tracks were the Madrid array
Monday, May 1. What follows is a mini diary of a spacecraft anomaly.
following has been extracted from various e-mails jetting through the
project today. Read on:

Sequence Lead:
The planned downlink from the spacecraft (S/C) did not go as expected
morning. From the beginning of the track, we have been unable to see
signal from the orbiter. The uplink was swept multiple times, and a
from the low-gain antenna has been looked for with no effect. I am
an anomaly meeting for this morning at 9:00 PDT.

Spacecraft Operations Office (SCO):
A loss of downlink anomaly occurred on May 1, 2006. No one-way data
received at the beginning of track at around 6:30 a.m. PDT. We started
uplink drive on time at 6:40 a.m., but stopped after 50 minutes when
no-downlink anomaly continued. After looking for all combinations of
spacecraft safing with DSS 63, DSS 55, and Radio Science Open Loop
receivers, SCO decided to wait for nominal lockup at the two-way time.

Sequence Lead:
Good news! At the time we were scheduled to go 2-way with the S/C we
regained downlink. Data is now coming in as expected. Telemetry
there was a Solid State Power Switch (SSPS) trip on the unit that
powers the
Ultra Stable Oscillator (USO), and the USO is currently powered off.
means that a 2-way light time after the transmitter was turned back
during the recovery efforts, we will go back to 1-way, and thus will
the downlink again, for approximately 2 hours. Since this will almost
definitely impact the SAR data, we will be sending up the contingency
command to zero out data policing during this pass, and zero out
except VIMS during the following observation period. The SAR data will
be played back during tomorrow’s pass.

SCO is currently planning to investigate whether the SSPS trip was
merely a
cosmic ray hit or whether there is something actually wrong with the
and we should know that by the end of the current pass. I will forward
info as soon as I have it. We are trying to get our DSS-15 track
extended to our rise time, so that we can go 2-way as early as
possible, in
case the USO is damaged.

Spacecraft Operations Office:
It turns out that the SSPS for the USO was tripped, causing no one-way
downlink carrier or data. This tripped switch condition is consistent
ones seen in the past. This is the sixteenth trip seen to date, the
trip of a switch that was ON at the time, and the second trip this
year. The
previous trip occurred very recently on March 2, 2006. They are
to occur at a rate of about two per year, and are most likely caused by
Galactic Cosmic Rays.

Commands were built and uplinked to cycle the SSPS OFF to clear the
then commanded it back ON. The S/C is operating nominally following

Sequence Lead:
The file to zero out data policing during the current pass and for all
VIMS on the next observation period has been sent with a bit-1 time of
121T17:34:55. We will confirm that this file reached the spacecraft at
approximately 20:00.

The DSN was able to extend tomorrow’s track for Cassini, starting it at
station rise at 19:15 rather than at our allocated time of 21:10. This
allow us to do an early uplink, and go 2-way sooner than we would
which will be a boon, if cycling the SSPS does not clear the issue up.

Instrument teams have been reporting nominal operations for their
instruments. All are awaiting playbacks to determine what data was

I will keep you posted on any further development.

Tuesday, May 2 (DOY 122):

Spacecraft Operations Office:
Telemetry indicates that the command file to move the pointers to
Titan data has executed. The pointers were moved to the appropriate
locations discussed in yesterday’s meeting with CDS, Science Planning,
Mission Planning, Uplink Operations, and RADAR. Now we just wait for

RADAR Instrument Team:
Just received the first RADAR packet on the ground. The time lines up
about -12 minutes from closest approach. So looks like the first ~90
got overwritten as predicted. Hopefully the end point is correct.
good and as expected so far!!

UVIS Instrument Team:
The UVIS T13 occultation data is on the ground. The data looks good
for an unfortunate 1-minute data gap just when the signal starts to
decrease. It is assumed that this is due to the S/C going 2-way or to
telemetry rate change. In any case nice recovery work! Thanks to all
involved in this data recovery.

RADAR Instrument Team:
Great pointer work!!
The end point was also correct!
We got all our data from about -12 minutes up to where we receive data
yesterday. There was a small overlap, so there are no gaps in the data
we do have. The only missing data is the -20 to -12 minutes of SAR
that was
overwritten. So basically ~600 out of the expected 700 Mbit was

Great work! Thanks is probably not enough…but thanks!


The final sequence development process for S22 kicked off today. The
process will run for approximately 11 weeks and will begin execution on

Cassini Outreach has reported the release of the DVD “Ring World 2”.
includes both English and Spanish language versions, as well as closed

Copies have been shipped out to members of the International
Society, the Navigator Program’s Night Sky Network, NASA Solar System
Ambassadors, Space Place’s museum network, the USGS, and throughout the
Cassini mission to flight team members who give Cassini outreach
presentations. A RW2 version for video Ipod is now available and may
downloaded from:

Wednesday, May 3 (DOY 123):

OTM #59 was performed today. This is the cleanup maneuver from the
encounter on April 30. The main engine burn began at 7:45 PM PDT. A
look” immediately after the maneuver showed the burn duration was 3
giving a delta-V of approximately 0.47 m/s. All subsystems reported
performance after the maneuver.

At an SRCR held today, the new CDA flight software was approved for
operations. The planned uplink date is June 5, with on-board checkout
scheduled to occur on DOY 165, 9 days later.

A beautiful color picture of Saturn is Astronomy Picture of the Day

Upcoming Events:

On May 6, over 70 Saturn Observation campaign members in 33 states and
countries are conducting daytime solar viewing activities and/or
stargazing to celebrate International Astronomy Day. These events
from small neighborhood planet viewings to large events. Weather
Saturn will be a primary viewing target. Contact Cassini Outreach for
specifics, or contact your local astronomy club, science center, or
to see if there is an event in your community.

JPL Open House - May 20-21, 2006: Expected Attendance: 50,000
Cassini will have a 30’x50’ exhibit booth near the main entrance of
JPL. The
booth will highlight mission science results through graphic displays
multimedia presentations. The both will be staffed with project
who will be available to answer questions. A kids’ area will feature
“temporary tattoos” of Saturn. Interactive features include “Take your
on Titan” with a full scale Huygens probe model placed in a simulated
landing environment as well as “spacecraft tours” using the 1/2-scale
Cassini model. A “Moon Walk” will guide Open House visitors past
of Saturn’s moons. The moonwalk will link the booth and the 167
room where Ring World will be shown.

Wrap up:

Check out the Cassini web site at for the
press releases and images.

The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the
Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion
Laboratory, a
division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages
Cassini-Huygens mission for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate,
D.C. JPL designed, developed and assembled the Cassini orbiter.