Mars Exploration Rover Update: May 22-29, 2008

http://marsrovers.jpl.nasa.gov/mission/status.html

SPIRIT UPDATE: Energy Levels Reach Record Low - sol 1559-1566, May 22-29, 2008:

Energy production reached a record low for Spirit this past week. On Sol 1560 (May 23, 2008), solar array input was 220 watt-hours (enough energy to light a 100-watt bulb for two hours and 12 minutes). On sol 1563, Spirit expended the highest amount of energy yet on running heaters to maintain minimum temperatures for batteries (30.6 watt-hours) and the miniature thermal emission spectrometer (54.0 watt-hours). Activity levels on Spirit have been kept low this week to compensate for the reduced energy production.

As was the case last week, Spirit had insufficient energy to transmit data to Earth each day. As a result, the operations team selected which Martian days, or sols, would be used for data downlinks to Earth.

Uplinks of communications from Earth have also been curtailed. Spirit typically has a daily communications window when the rover wakes up and points its High-Gain Antenna toward Earth and listens for new commands. By passing up on some of these uplink opportunities, the rover is able to stay awake for shorter periods of time each sol. Rover operators still have the ability to send new commands if necessary.

Despite low energy levels, Spirit continues to be in good health. The rover continues to conduct atmospheric observations, especially measurements of atmospheric opacity. As explained in last week’s report, these Tau measurements of the amount of dust in the atmosphere provide valuable data for science and operations planning because they affect the amount of solar energy that reaches the rover’s solar panels.

All subsystems are performing as expected.

Sol-by-sol summary:

In addition to receiving direct-from-Earth instructions over the rover’s high-gain antenna, Spirit completed the following activities:

Sol 1559 (May 22, 2008): Spirit received new commands from Earth, measured atmospheric opacity caused by dust (Tau) with the panoramic camera and sent data to NASA’s Odyssey orbiter to be relayed to Earth.

Sol 1560: Spirit again measured atmospheric dust with the panoramic camera and recharged the batteries.

Sol 1561: Spirit received new commands from Earth. The rover measured atmospheric darkness caused by dust with the panoramic camera.

Sol 1562: Spirit recharged the batteries.

Sol 1563: Spirit measured atmospheric dust with the panoramic camera and transmitted data to Odyssey.

Sol 1564: Spirit received new commands from Earth.

Sol 1565: Spirit recharged the batteries.

Sol 1566 (May 29, 2008): Spirit measured atmospheric opacity caused by dust with the panoramic camera and sent data to Odyssey to be relayed to Earth.

Odometry:

As of sol 1566 (May 29, 2008), Spirit’s total odometry remained at 7,528.0 meters (4.7 miles).